Volume 2, 2016
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||16 March 2016|
Role of pronator release in revision carpal tunnel surgery
Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, 1873 Rama 4 Road, 10330
Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Christian M Kleinert Institute for Hand and Microsurgery, 225 Abraham Flexner Way, Suite 850, 40202 Louisville, KY, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 23 January 2016
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the result of treatment of patients with failed primary carpal tunnel surgery who suspected pronator teres syndrome (PTS) by performing revision carpal tunnel release (CTR) with pronator teres release (PTR) and revision CTR alone.
Methods: Retrospective chart review in patients who required revision CTR and suspected PTS. Group 1, treated by redo CTR with PTR and group 2, treated by redo CTR alone. Intraoperative findings, pre and postoperative numbness (2-PD), pain (VAS score), and grip strength were studied.
Results: There were 17 patients (20 wrists) in group 1 and 5 patients (5 wrists) in group 2. Patients in group 1 showed more chance of fully recovery of numbness and pain than group 2 (60% vs. 0%, p < 0.05 and 55.0% vs. 0%, p < 0.05, respectively). Mean grip strength was increased 16.0% in group 1 and increase 11.7% in group 2. Most common pathology at the elbow were deep head of pronator teres 90% (18/20 elbows) and lacertus fibrosus 50% (10/20 elbows). The most common finding at carpal tunnel was the reformed transverse carpal ligaments (80%, 20/25 wrists) and scar adhesion around the median nerve (40%, 10/25 wrists).
Discussion: Intraoperative findings from our study confirmed that there were pathology in both carpal tunnel and pronator area in failed primary CTR with suspected PTS. Our study showed that combined PTR with revision CTR provided higher chance of completely recovery from numbness and pain more than redo CTR alone.
Key words: Pronator syndrome / Pronator release / Revision / Carpal tunnel / Decompression
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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