Volume 3, 2017
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||28 June 2017|
Longus colli tendinitis. A review of literature and case series
Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Assiut University Hospitals, 71111
2 Spine Center, Helios Klinikum Erfurt, Nordhaeuser street 74, 99089 Erfurt, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 May 2017
Purpose: To increase the awareness of longus colli tendinitis (LCT) among spine specialists and to present a practical overview of diagnostic and treatment options, so that unnecessary interventions are avoided. Five sample cases from a German spine center will also be presented.
Methods: Literature review and case series. A PubMed search was performed in May 2015, and the articles found were reviewed for clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment. The frequency of publication of LCT cases and the specialty of journals were also noted. Recent cases treated in our institution were also reviewed. The clinical findings, investigations, and therapeutic interventions were summarized.
Results: The PubMed search from May 2015 found 104 articles, published over 51 years, on the topic of LCT. Only four were published in spine journals. A review of this literature yielded a total of 242 cases. The classic clinical triad included neck pain, limitation of movements, and swallowing complaints. C-reactive Protein (CRP) values were available in 21 cases (mean 23.66 mg/dL). A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan was the best diagnostic modality. LCT is usually a self-limiting condition, but non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help alleviate discomfort. Five cases of LCT were diagnosed and treated in our center over the past three years.
Conclusions: LCT, which is uncommon and has non-specific symptoms, is often referred to spine centers. Spine specialists should be aware of its clinical presentation and radiographic findings in order to avoid unnecessary interventions. The condition is self-limiting and can be treated conservatively.
Key words: Longus colli tendinitis / Retropharyngeal tendinitis / Prevertebral tendinitis / Calcium hydroxyapatite deposition disease / Neck pain
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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