Volume 4, 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||06 July 2018|
Characteristics of the patients with delaminated rotator cuff tear
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School Hospital,
1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku,
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, 1715 Kamakari, Inzai, Chiba 270-1694, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 5 May 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze factors relating to delamination in full-thickness rotator cuff tears.
Methods: 126 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears treated by arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were the subjects of this study. There were 52 females and 74 males whose average age was 64.2 years. Fifty-three patients had history of trauma. The average duration of disorder was 29.5 weeks. Nineteen patients were diagnosed with diabetes. On types of the tears, small tear was observed in 59 patients, medium tear in 47 patients, large tear in 6 patients, and massive tear in 14 patients. The average size of tear was 1.98 cm. Delamination of the torn cuff was observed in 45 patients. Factors compared between the patients without delamination and those with delamination were as follows: gender and age of the patients, history of trauma, duration of disorder, diabetes, smoking, size and number of rotator cuff tears.
Results: The delamination rate of the smoking patients was significantly higher than non-smoking patients. The delamination rate of patients with more than two tendon tears was significantly higher than those with only one tendon tear. The average size of tear with delamination was significantly larger than that of tear without delamination. The other factors were not related to delamination.
Conclusions: This study suggests that smoking, size of tear and number of torn cuffs are associated with delamination. The progression of torn cuff, anatomical features and nicotine of smoking affect the causes of delaminated tear of rotator cuff.
Key words: Rotator cuff tear / Delamination / Cuff integrity / Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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