Volume 5, 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||18 June 2019|
High prevalence of persistent pain 6 months after arthroscopic subacromial decompression and/or acromioclavicular joint resection
Department of Anaesthesiology, Horsens Regional Hospital, Sundvej 30, 8700 Horsens, Denmark
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Blvd. 99, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Horsens Regional Hospital, Sundvej 30, 8700 Horsens, Denmark
4 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Blvd. 99, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 May 2019
Purpose: The aims of this prospective study were to determine the prevalence of pain 6 months after arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) and/or acromioclavicular joint resection (AC resection), to reveal causes of the pain, and to identify risk factors for persistent pain.
Methods: Preoperatively, patients were tested for their endogenous capacity to modulate pain and completed questionnaires concerning psychological vulnerability. Patients with pain 6 months after surgery were examined by an experienced orthopaedic surgeon to reveal any shoulder pathology responsible for the pain.
Results: Data from 101 patients were available for analysis 6 months after surgery. Thirty-six patients had persistent pain: 32 underwent examination by the surgeon who identified shoulder pathology in ten patients, but not in the remaining 22 in whom ongoing insurance case, unemployment, and a general tendency to worry were risk factors for persistent pain.
Conclusion: The prevalence of persistent pain 6 months after ASD and/or AC resection was 35.6% (95% CI 26.1–45.8%) and the proportion of patients with shoulder pathology was 9.9%. An association between ongoing insurance case, unemployment, general tendency to worry (t-STAI), and unexplained persistent pain 6 months after surgery was found.
Key words: Shoulder arthroscopy / Persistent pain / Conditioned pain modulation / Postoperative pain
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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