Volume 5, 2019
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||03 May 2019|
Radiological, functional, and anatomical outcome in patients with osteoarthritic knee undergoing high tibial osteotomy
DHQ Hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 April 2019
Objective: To determine the radiological, functional, and anatomical outcome in patients with osteoarthritic knee undergoing high tibial osteotomy (HTO).
Design of study: Descriptive case series.
Study duration and settings: The present study was a descriptive case series carried out at the Orthopedic Departments of District Head Quarter Hospital Faisalabad affiliated with Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad from Jan 2014 to March 2018.
Methodology: This study involved 40 patients of both genders, aged between 40 and 65 years having advanced degenerative disease of knee limited to medial compartment of joint. These patients were treated by medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and outcome was evaluated after 5 years of surgery in terms of radiological knee mechanics, functional outcome scores, and arthroscopic evidence of cartilage regeneration in the medial compartment. A signed written consent was taken from every patient.
Findings: There was a female predominance with a male-to-female ratio of 1:4. The mean age of the patients was 53.2 ± 6.9 years. The values of the radiographic parameters significantly changed from pre-operative condition after HTO; mechanical tibiofemoral angle [MTFA, (−8.1 ± 1.2° vs. 2.5 ± 1.2°; p-value < 0.0001)], tibial plateau inclination [TPI, (5.3 ± 1.1° vs. 3.4 ± 1.1°; p-value < 0.0001)], knee joint line orientation relative to the ground [G-KJLO, (0.3 ± 0.1° vs. 4.6 ± 1.5°; p-value < 0.0001)], and ankle joint line orientation relative to the ground [G-AJLO (8.3 ± 3.2° vs. 2.3 ± 1.7°; p-value < 0.0001)]. There was significant improvement in patient’s functional status; KOOS-ADL score (45.5 ± 7.8 vs. 73.7 ± 8.6; p-value < 0.0001), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score (42.4 ± 6.9 vs. 68.5 ± 12.7; p-value < 0.0001), International Knee Society (IKS) score (149.4 ± 11.9 vs. 179.4 ± 10.2; p-value < 0.0001), Knee Society Score [KSS, (54.2 ± 5.6 vs. 69.7 ± 12.7; p-value < 0.0001)], and Hospital for Special Surgery [HSS, (50.8 ± 3.3 vs. 64.8 ± 10.7; p-value < 0.0001)]. 42.5% patients showed excellent regeneration of femoral and 30.0% patients showed excellent regeneration of tibial cartilage in the medial compartment.
Conclusion: By significantly alternating the knee biomechanics, HTO was found to unload the medial compartment leading to regeneration of the articular cartilage and significant improvement in patient’s symptoms and quality of life. It is therefore recommended in the management of patients with arthritic changes limited to medial compartment only.
Key words: Osteoarthritis knee / High tibial osteotomy / Functional outcome
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.