Volume 5, 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||04 November 2019|
Total hip arthroplasty in patients with chronic liver disease: A systematic review
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, Whitechapel Road, London E1 1BB, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 October 2019
Introduction: Chronic liver disease (CLD) is a significant and increasingly prevalent co-morbidity in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). These patients may develop metabolic bone disease (MBD) and systemic dysfunction, which pose challenges to THA surgery. This systematic review of literature aims to examine clinical outcomes and complications in patients with CLD undergoing THA and provide evidence-based approaches as to the optimization of their perioperative care.
Methods: A Pubmed search was performed, identifying eight studies on 28 514 THAs for inclusion. Two additional studies reported on 44 patients undergoing THA post liver transplant. These were reviewed separately.
Results: Increased early perioperative complications are reported recurrently. Review of long-term complications demonstrates an increased postoperative infection rate of 0.5% (p < 0.001) and perioperative mortality of 4.1% (p < 0.001). The need for revision surgery is more frequent at 4% (p < 0.001). Aetiology of need for revision surgery included; periprosthestic infection (70%), aseptic loosening (13%), instability (13%), periprosthetic fracture (2%) and liner wear (2%). THA in patients with liver transplants seems to offer functional improvement; however, no studies have formally assessed functional outcomes in the patient with active CLD.
Discussion: A multidisciplinary perioperative approach is suggested in order to minimize increased complication risks. Specific measures include optimizing haemoglobin and taking measures to reduce infection. This review also highlights gaps in available literature and guides future research to appraise functional outcomes, further detail long-term failure reasons and study any differences in outcomes and complications based on the range of operative approaches and available implant choices.
Key words: Hip arthroplasty / Hip replacement / Liver disease / Cirrhosis / Outcomes / Complications
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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