Volume 6, 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||31 January 2020|
The actual knee function was not influenced by joint line obliquity after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Koshigaya Municipal Hospital, 10-47-1, Higashi-Koshigaya, Saitama 3430023, Japan
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Spoerts Medicine, Juntendo University, School of Medicine, 1-2-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 1138421, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 January 2020
Purpose: Excessive joint line obliquity (JLO) after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) induces detrimental stress on the articular cartilage. The purpose of this article is to assess the correlation between JLO and the clinical results after OWHTO.
Methods: 68 patients were followed up for more than 1 year. JLO was assessed using a long-leg standing anteroposterior radiograph. The knee osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) and KSS (Knee Society score) objective knee score were assessed as clinical scores. The Weight-bearing line ratio (WBLR), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA), and joint line convergence angle (JLCA) were assessed as radiological parameters. The timed up-and-go (TUG) test and single-leg standing (SLS) test were performed, and the isometric muscle strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings was assessed to evaluate the knee function. The primary outcomes were the correlations between the JLO and the clinical score, radiological parameters and knee function after OWHTO. The secondary objective of this study was to detect the factor with the greatest influence on JLO.
Results: There were significant correlations between the postoperative JLO and the KOOS in the subcategories of pain, activities of daily living (ADL), and sports and recreation (r = −0.311, −0.302, −0.282, p = 0.011, 0.014, 0.022, respectively). However, the postoperative JLO was not significantly correlated with the KSS, knee function, or muscle strength. The preoperative LDFA and postoperative MPTA were factors influencing increased JLO after OWHTO.
Discussion: There was no significant correlation between the JLO and the actual knee function. The preoperative LDFA and postoperative MPTA were factors that influenced the increase in JLO after OWHTO.
Key words: open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) / joint line obliquity / patient-reported outcome / actual knee function
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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