Volume 6, 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||11 December 2020|
Monoarticular synovitis of knee: dealing with the dilemma
Additional Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Virbhadra Marg, 248201 Rishikesh, India
2 Senior Resident (Academic), Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 248201 Rishikesh, India
3 Junior Resident, Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 248201 Rishikesh, India
4 Senior Resident, Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 248201 Rishikesh, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 November 2020
Introduction: Chronic synovitis involving a single large joint remains a diagnostic dilemma. We present 61 cases of chronic synovitis of the knee, followed prospectively for 2 years. The study focuses on the diagnosis, management, and histopathological correlation. Methods: We prospectively studied 61 patients with chronic mono-articular synovitis of the knee joint, between July 2016 and September 2017. All patients underwent plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopic examination with synovial biopsy. Further treatment was based on findings of histopathological examination. Results: The average duration of symptoms was 7.72 ± 4.34 months. The mean age at presentation was 29.93 ± 15.56 years. Results of histopathological examination showed chronic nonspecific inflammation in 28 patients (46%), features suggesting tubercular infection in 19 patients (31%), pigmented villonodular synovitis in seven patients (11.5%), rheumatoid arthritis in three (5%) patients, acute inflammation in three (5%) patients and findings suggestive of synovial chondromatosis in one (1.5%) patient. Treatment was based on histopathological results. Intra-articular injections of methylprednisolone (80 mg depot preparation) were given to all patients with nonspecific synovitis and rheumatoid arthritis. Anti-tubercular treatment was started for patients with tubercular synovitis. Complete arthroscopic/open synovectomy followed by radiotherapy was carried out for patients with pigmented villonodular synovitis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used for patients with acute on chronic inflammation. All patients had symptomatic relief and functional improvement in further follow-up. Discussion: Histopathological reporting remains the mainstay for diagnosis. The various differentials should always be kept in mind when approaching patients with chronic mono-articular synovitis. Specific treatment can be started once the diagnosis is confirmed.
Key words: Knee / Monoarticular synovitis / Synovial biopsy / Chronic synovitis / Synovectomy
Key words: Level IV / Observational study
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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