Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Wrist & Hand|
|Published online||08 January 2021|
Comparison of clinical outcomes with and without volar lunate facet fragments in dorsal displaced distal radius fractures
Department of Orthopaedics, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8421 Tokyo, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 13 December 2020
Introduction: Although many clinical studies about distal radius fracture (DRF) accompanied by volar lunate facet fragments (VLFF) have recently been reported, none focus on the direction of displacement of distal fragments. Many previous cases with difficulty in treating DRF with VLFF were volar-displaced fractures. Thus, the postoperative risk for re-displacement is different between volar- and dorsal-displaced fractures with VLFF. The aim of this study is to compare the outcome of dorsal-displaced fractures treated using proximal volar locking plates (PVLP) between those with VLFF and those without, in order to reconsider the indications of distal volar locking plates (DVLP) and investigate the possibility of treating dorsal-displaced DRF with VLFF using PVLP. Methods: The subjects were 122 patients with dorsal-displaced DRFs treated using PVLP (42 males and 80 females, mean age: 59.2 years old). The patients were divided into 13 patients with VLFF group and 109 patients without VLFF group, and the clinical outcomes at 12 months after surgery were compared. Results: No significant difference was noted on any evaluation between the groups. In addition, no postoperative re-displacement of VLFF was observed and bone union was confirmed. Furthermore, no osteoarthritic change was noted in all patients. Conclusions: We confirmed that surgical treatment for dorsal-displaced DRF using PVLP is possible even in cases of DRF with VLFF. In addition, DVLP is an implant with a high complication risk; therefore, it may be necessary to reconsider the use of DVLP for dorsal-displaced DRF with VLFF treatable by PVLP.
Key words: Distal radius fractures / Volar lunate facet fragments / Dorsal displaced fractures / Proximal volar locking plates
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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