Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||26 March 2021|
The relationship between rotator cuff integrity and acromiohumeral distance following open and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair
Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, St. Carolus Hospital, 11440 Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, 05505 Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Hand Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Nantong University, 226001 Jiangsu, PR China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 20 February 2021
Background: Acromiohumeral distance (AHD) has become both a diagnostic and prognostic parameter related to rotator cuff pathology which is always measured in a 2-dimensional plane. The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the regional AHD with MRI following open and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and, (2) to investigate its association to the rotator cuff integrity following medium to large size rotator cuff repair with open and arthroscopic manner. Methods: A retrospective review of 112 patients who were treated for full-thickness medium to large size rotator cuff tears either by open repair (open group) or arthroscopic repair (arthroscopic group) was done. All patients included in the study are those with at least 12 and 18 months for the post-operative MRI and clinical follow-up. Propensity score matching was used to select controls matched for age, sex, body mass index, tear size, and affected site. There were 56 patients in each group with a mean age of 63.3 years (range, 50 to 77 years). The post-operative functional and radiologic outcomes for both groups were compared. AHD was measured at three regions of interest (ROI) with MRI and compared pre-and post-operatively. Results: AHD was significantly greater in the open group when measured at the anterior third of the lateral acromion border compare to the arthroscopic group (p = 0.005). The re-tear rate was affected by AHD at the anterior third of the lateral border of the acromion for the arthroscopic and open group (p = 0.021, p = 0.029). The AHD measured at the anterior and middle third of lateral acromion border were significantly greater in healed compared to the re-tear rotator cuff group (p = 0.019, p = 0.022). Conclusions: Open rotator cuff repair showed greater AHD at the anterior third of the lateral border of the acromion. Regional AHD measured at anterior third of the lateral border of acromion significantly associated with rotator cuff integrity following repair. Level of evidence: propensity-matched case-control (Level II)
Key words: Propensity-matched / Regional acromion-humeral distance / Open repair / Arthroscopy
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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