Volume 7, 2021
Special Issue: "SICOT Education Academy Collection" Guest Editor: H. Said
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||14 September 2021|
Current concepts in anterior glenohumeral instability: diagnosis and treatment
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires, C1280 AEB Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, 34098 Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 980-8575 Sendai, Japan
4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires, C1118 AAT Buenos Aires, Argentina
5 Artrocentro, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
6 Division of Orthopaedics, Addenbroke’s Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals Trust, CB2 0QQ Cambridge, United Kingdom
7 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Sao Jose, Jaraguá do Sul, SC 89251-830, Brazil
8 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Carolus Hospital, 10440 Jakarta, Indonesia
9 Department of Orthopaedics, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 05505 Seoul, Korea
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 August 2021
The glenohumeral joint is the most dislocated articulation, accounting for more than 50% of all joint dislocations. The reason behind shoulder instability should be investigated in detail for successful management, and the treatment plan should be individualized for all patients. Several classification systems have been proposed for glenohumeral instability. A physical exam is mandatory no matter what classification system is used. When treating patients with anterior shoulder instability, surgeons need to be aware of the critical size of the bone loss, which is commonly seen. The glenoid track concept was clinically adopted, and the measurement of the glenoid track for surgical decision-making is recommended. Detailed assessment of existing soft tissue injury to the labrum, capsule, glenohumeral ligaments, and rotator cuff is also mandatory as their presence influences the surgical outcome. Rehabilitation, arthroscopic repair techniques, open Bankart procedure, capsular plication, remplissage, Latarjet technique, iliac crest, and other bone grafts offer the surgeon different treatment options according to the type of patient and the lesions to be treated. Three-dimensional (3D) technologies can help to evaluate glenoid and humeral defects. Patient-specific guides are low-cost surgical instruments and can be used in shoulder instability surgery. 3D printing will undoubtedly become an essential tool to achieve the best results in glenohumeral instability surgery.
Key words: Shoulder / Instability / Glenohumeral / Latarjet / Bankart
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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