Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Wrist & Hand|
|Published online||11 November 2021|
Management of Volkmann’s Ischemic Contracture: Case Series of 32 patients
Former Head of Department at El Kortobi and Mohamed V Hospital, Italian Hospital of Tangier, Tangier, Morocco
2 Head of Department at Centre Hospitalier Universitaire of Tangier, Morocco
3 Mohamed V Hospital, Tangier 90100, Morocco
4 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire of Tangier, Morocco
5 Centre de Traumato-Orthopedie, 3 rue Hopital Espagnol, Tangier, Morocco
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 21 October 2021
Introduction: Volkmann’s contracture condition is of high prevalence in our population and is linked to therapeutic faults. The treatment and its results are determined according to the severity of the lesions. Methods: This retrospective study was performed in three centers and was conducted over 30 years (1987–2018); it included 32 patients. The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score and the Weber test were used to evaluate the functional outcome looking at mid and long-term results. Results: Thirty-two patients were treated for Volkmann’s Ischemic Contracture (VIC). The age ranged from 4 to 58 years, with 19 patients aged under 15. Wrist fracture was the predominant cause in 16 cases. Fourteen patients obtained a completely functional hand, seven good functional results, four fair functional results, and seven poor results. Discussion: In comparison with other studies, we noticed significant differences: apart from the dominant male sex and right side, this is one large case series conducted over 30 years (1987–2018) looking at mid-and long-term results. All the patients presented with severe or moderate lesions on the first visit. In our study, the wrist fracture is predominant compared to elbow fractures and soft trauma. X-rays are especially helpful and are a first-line investigation for identifying displaced fractures and other associated lesions. Our study population is not large, and the treatment methods are varied, so it is impossible to provide statistically relevant correlations between the treatment method and outcome. But this work is based on the experience of more than 30 years, which makes it possible to help adequate decision making according to the state of the lesions. This study is a level IV case series.
Key words: Compartment syndrome / Volkmann’s ischemic contracture / Muscle injury / Nerve injury
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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