Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Pelvis & Acetabulum|
|Published online||28 October 2021|
Functional outcome and health-related quality of life following ipsilateral femoral and acetabular fractures: a retrospective analysis
Associate Professor Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Elhadra University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Clinical Fellow Trauma and Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth PL68DH, UK
3 Associate Professor of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Statistics, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
4 Lecturer of Orthopaedics and Trauma, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
5 Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Plymouth PL68DH, UK
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 21 September 2021
Introduction: The combination of ipsilateral femoral and acetabular fractures is known in the literature as the “Floating hip injury”. The primary aim of this study is to assess both generic and specific patient-reported outcomes and the factors affecting the quality of life in patients sustaining this injury, while the secondary aim was to assess the injury patterns and the associated complications. Methods: A retrospective study including 27 patients according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. EQ5D5L and Oxford hip score (OHS) were used. The mean age was 28 years (±10.1 SD) and 21 patients (77.8%) were males. The mean follow-up was 7 years (± 3.1 years SD). Results: Median OHS was 46.5 (IQR: 31.5–48). The median EQ5D score was 0.919 (95% CI: 0.601–1). The mean EQ5D index value was 0.679 ± 0.442 (95% CI: 0.492–0.865). In this young cohort of patients, this drop in the mean EQ5D index value has led to a loss of a mean of 2.2 Quality-adjusted Life Years (QALYs). Through multivariate analysis, we found that the quality of life was mainly affected by the occurrence of end-stage arthritis, the presence of non-recovered traumatic sciatic nerve injury, and the occurrence of infection. Conclusions: Our findings show that the quality of life of those patients was significantly affected. These findings can be beneficial in counselling patients sustaining this complex injury and could be helpful in the discussion of the prognosis and in planning postoperative rehabilitation and support.
Key words: Floating hip / Quality of life / Functional outcome / Ipsilateral femoral and acetabular fractures
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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