Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||22 February 2022|
Is standard total knee arthroplasty with lateral femoral overhanging a cause of anterior knee pain? A randomized controlled trial
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thammasat University, 95 Paholyothin Road, KlongLuang 12120, Thailand
2 Chulabhorn International Collage of Medicine, Thammasat University, 99 Moo 18 Paholyothin Road, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 January 2022
Introduction: Anterior knee pain (AKP) may persist after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), even if well aligned and stable, and is reported in up to 30% of patients, leading to patient dissatisfaction. The gender-specific knee prostheses have been designed to reduce femoral component overhanging in females and improve patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to determine AKP between gender-specific knee prosthesis and unisex knee prosthesis following minimally invasive surgery (MIS) TKA with patellar resurfacing. Methods: This study was a randomized trial comparing a gender-specific vs. unisex knee prosthesis in females with knee osteoarthritis. Follow-up occurred at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Pre- and postoperative AKP were measured at each follow-up. Intraoperative lateral overhanging of the femoral component and patellar tracking were also measured and compared between the two groups. Results: Sixty females were recruited; 30 underwent gender-specific knee prosthesis (Gp1) and 30 underwent unisex knee prosthesis (Gp2). No patients were lost to follow-up. The incidence rates of AKP and visual analog scale AKP pain scores at 2 years were 7 vs. 7% (p = 1.00) and 0.95 ± 0.31 (0–1) points vs. 1.10 ± 0.28 (0–1) points (p = 0.68) for gender and unisex prostheses, respectively. Patellar tilt and patellar shift were similar between the two groups. Patellar tilt and patellar shift were 2.56° ± 2.03 (0–8) vs. 2.67° ± 2.35 (0–9) (p = 0.46) and 1.25 ± 1.09 (0–3.2) mm vs. 1.15 ± 0.97 (0–2.9) mm (p = 0.34) for Gp1 and Gp2, respectively. Mean lateral femoral overhanging was 0.23 ± 0.63 mm (range: 1–2 mm, Gp1) vs. 1.57 ± 1.36 mm (range: 1–3 mm, Gp2) (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Both types of prostheses had similar incidence rates of AKP, VAS scores for AKP. Lateral femoral overhanging of ≤ 3 mm was not the cause of AKP.
Key words: Anterior knee pain / Gender-specific TKA / Unisex TKA / Patellar tracking / Femoral component overhanging
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.