Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||14 June 2022|
Tibial tuberosity osteotomy and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction for patella dislocation following total knee arthroplasty: A double fixation technique
Orthopaedics Surgery and Sports Medicine Department, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Croix-Rousse Hospital, Lyon University Hospital, 103 Grande Rue de la Croix Rousse, 69004 Lyon, France
2 Univ Lyon, Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, IFSTTAR, LBMC UMR_T9406, 69622 Lyon, France
3 Sydney Orthopaedic Research Institute (SORI), Orthopaedics, 500 Pacific Hwy, St Leonards, NSW, Australia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 13 May 2022
Introduction: Patella instability post total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare complication. Tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) with medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLr) has not been well described for this indication. This paper describes a surgical technique to address the unique challenges faced when performing TTO and MPFLr in the prosthetic knee. Technique: This technique and video describe a TTO and MPFLr via an extensile incision and medial sub-vastus approach. A 6 cm long TTO is performed, if indicated, to medialise the extensor mechanism up to 1 cm and fixed with ×2 4.5 mm cortical screws. For the MPFLr, a quadriceps tendon autograft is utilized, with the natural insertion to the superior pole of the patella being left undisturbed. The graft is first attached with an interference screw and then reinforced with an endobutton to provide crucial cortical fixation to overcome the problem of low bone mineral density encountered in this area of the femur following TKA. Results: Five patients underwent MPFLr using the described technique. No failures or recurrence of instability occurred at the last follow-up. Pre-operative mean patella tilt and shift were 44° and 3.5 cm, respectively. Post-operatively, mean tilt and shift were 4.1° and 0.4 cm, respectively. There was one wound dehiscence requiring surgical debridement and closure. Conclusion: This paper describes a surgical technique to perform a TTO and MPFLr for patella instability post-TKA. The described method highlights key adaptations to address the unique challenges in this patient population.
Key words: Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction / Total knee arthroplasty / Patella instability / Knee / Knee arthroplasty
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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