Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Wrist & Hand|
|Published online||24 May 2022|
In-hospital production of 3D-printed casts for non-displaced wrist and hand fractures
1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tel Aviv Medical Center, 6 Weizmann St., Tel Aviv 6423906, Israel affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
2 Surgical Innovation and 3D Printing Unit, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, 6 Weizmann St., Tel Aviv 6423906, Israel
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 1 May 2022
Objectives: To examine the clinical feasibility and results of a multidisciplinary workflow, employing rapid three-dimensional (3D) scanning and modeling software along with a high-speed printer, for in-hospital production of patient-specific 3D-printed casts, for the treatment of non-displaced wrist and hand fractures. Methods: Consenting adult patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) due to wrist or hand fractures between January and February 2021 were prospectively enrolled. The study participants underwent conversion of the standard plaster of Paris cast to a 3D-printed cast one week after the ED visit, and follow-up examinations were performed around two, six, and twelve weeks later. The primary objective was to examine the clinical feasibility in terms of complexity and length of the overall procedure. Secondary outcomes were patient-reported impressions and radiological results. Results: Twenty patients (16 males, mean age 37 ± 13.1 years) were included. The entire printing workflow took a mean of 161 ± 8 min. All patients demonstrated clinical improvement and fracture union at final follow-up, with no pressure sores or loss of reduction. Patient-reported comfort and satisfaction rates were excellent. The mean Visual Analog Scale was 0.9 ± 1.1 and 0.6 ± 1, and the mean Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was 18.7 ± 9.5 and 7.6 ± 7.6 at 2 and 6 weeks after application of the 3D-printed cast, respectively. Conclusion: The in-hospital workflow was feasible and efficient, with excellent clinical and radiographic results and high patient satisfaction and comfort rates. Our medical center now routinely provides this cast option for non-displaced wrist and hand fractures.
Level of evidence: IV, Therapeutic Study
Key words: 3-D printing / Digital Light Processing / Wrist fracture / Hand fractures / Patient-reported Outcomes
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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