Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||23 August 2022|
Evaluation of patella height in native knees and arthroplasty: an instructional review
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
2 Orthopaedic Clinic Markgröningen, 71706 Markgröningen, Germany
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany
4 The School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, 11942 Amman, Jordan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 5 August 2022
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the gold standard for treating advanced knee osteoarthritis. Among the postoperative complications of TKA are true patella infera (TPI) and pseudo patella infera (PPI), which should be differentiated since TPI exhibits significantly worse clinical outcomes. Multiple radiological patella height indices (PHI) exist; some were modified or originally designed for knees with implanted endoprostheses. However, there is no consensus on measuring and comparing patella height. Due to the lack of established, simple, reliable, and reproducible concepts for assessing patella height for arthroplasty, measuring patella height and the change of patella height by or after TKA have been challenging tasks for clinicians and researchers. This is a review of the current literature on methods for measuring patella height, with special attention to the ability to differentiate between the TPI and PPI after TKA. All literature on the topic was retrieved, and references from relevant articles were investigated until the end of April 2022.
Key words: Patella height / TKA / Patella infera / Insall-Salvati / Caton-Deschamps / Reliability
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.