Open Access

Table 3.

Study setting region, Level 1 and 2 studies by region and countries that have published Level 1 and 2 studies.

Variables Study characteristics (n = 958)
Study setting region
Sub-Saharan Africa (n [%]) 312 [32.6%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 30 [30.9%]
 Number of Level 1 or 2 orthopaedic studies published by country since 2004 Nigeria (14), Malawi (5), Sudan (3), Cameroon (2), Kenya (2) Ethiopia (1), Sierra Leone (1), Tanzania (1), Uganda (1)
East Asia and Pacific (n [%]) 53 [5.5%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 5 [5.2%]
 Number of Level 1 or 2 orthopaedic studies published by country since 2004 Cambodia (1), Mongolia (1), Myanmar (1), Philippines (1), Vietnam (1)
Europe and Central Asia (n [%]) 17 [1.8%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 0 [0%]
 Latin America and Caribbean (n [%]) 30 [3.1%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 4 [4.1%]
 Number of Level 1 or 2 orthopaedic studies published by country since 2004 Haiti (2), Guatemala (1), Guyana (1)
Middle East and North Africa (n [%]) 82 [8.6%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 3 [3.1]
 Number of Level 1 or 2 orthopaedic studies published by country since 2004 Egypt (3)
South Asia (n [%]) 464 [48.4%]
 Level 1 or 2 studies (n [%]) 55 [56.7%]
 Number of Level 1 or 2 orthopaedic studies published by country since 2004 Pakistan (25), India (19), Nepal (9), Bangladesh (2), Afghanistan (1)

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