Open Access
Volume 4, 2018
Article Number 39
Number of page(s) 7
Section Lower Limb
Published online 07 September 2018
  1. Rigal S, Mathieu L, de l'Escalopier N (2018) Temporary fixation of limbs and pelvis. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 104, S81–S88. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Mathieu L, Bazile F, Barthélémy R, Duhamel P, Rigal S (2011) Damage control orthopaedics in the context of battlefield injuries: the use of temporary external fixation on combat trauma soldiers. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 97, 852–859. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Mathieu L, Ouattara N, Poichotte A, et al. (2014) Temporary and definitive external fixation of war injuries: use of a French dedicated fixator. Int Orthop 38, 1569–1576. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. Gustilo RB, Mendoza RM, Williams DN (1984) Problems in the management of type III (severe) open fractures: a new clas­sification of type III open fractures. J Trauma 24, 742–746. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Rodrigues FL, de Abreu LC, Valenti VE, Valente AL, da Costa Pereira Cestari R, Pohl PH, Rodrigues LM (2014) Bone tissue repair in patients with open diaphyseal tibial fracture treated with biplanar external fixation or reamed locked intramedulary nailing. Injury 45, S32–S35. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  6. Pairon P, Ossendorf C, Kuhn S, Hofmann A, Rommens PM (2015) Intramedullary nailing after external fixation of the femur and tibia: a review of advantages and limits. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 41, 25–38. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Hofmann A, Dietz SO, Pairon P, Rommes PM (2015) The role of intramedullary nailing in treatment of open fractures. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 41, 39–47. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. Foote CJ, Guyatt GH, Vignesh KN, Mundi R, Chaudhry H, Heels-Ansdell D, Thabane L, Tornetta P, Bhandari M (2015) Which surgical treatment for open tibial shaft fractures results in the fewest reoperations? A Network Meta-analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res 473, 2179–2192. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Mody RM, Zapor M, Hartzell JD, Robben PM, Waterman P, Wood-Moris R, et al. (2009) Infectious complications of damage control orthopedics in war trauma. J Trauma 67, 758–761. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Bhandari M, Zlowodzki M, Tornetta P, Schmidt A, Templeman DC (2005) Intramedullary nailing following external fixation in femoral and tibial shaft fractures. J Orthop Trauma 19, 140–144. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Kulshrestha V (2008) Incidence of infection after early intramedullary nailing of open tibial shaft fractures stabilized with pinless external fixators. Indian J Orthop 42, 401–409. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Haas N, Schutz M, Wagenitz A, Krettek C, Sudkamp N (1994) Routine application of the pinless external fixator. Injury 25, SC3–SC7. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  13. Schutz M, Sudkamp N, Frigg R, Hoffman R, Stockle U, Haas N (1998) Pinless external fixation: indications and preliminary results in tibial shaft fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res 347, 35–42. [Google Scholar]
  14. Huang Z, Wang B, Chen F, Huang J, Jian G, Gong H, Xu T, Chen R, Chen X, Ye Z, Wang J, Xie D, Liu H (2015) Fast pinless external fixation for open tibial fractures: preliminary report of a prospective study. Int J Clin Exp Med 8, 20805–20812. [Google Scholar]
  15. Park HJ, Uchino M, Nakamura M, Ueno M, Kojima Y, Itoman M, et al. (2007) Immediate interlocking nailing versus external fixation followed by delayed interlocking nailing for Gustilo type IIIB open tibial fractures. J Orthop Surg 15, 131–136. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  16. Henley MB, Chapman JR, Agel J, Harvey EJ, Whorton AM, Swiontkowski MF (1998) Treatment of type II, IIIA, and IIIB open fractures of the tibial shaft: a prospective comparison of unreamed interlocking intramedullary nails and half-pin external fixators. J Orthop Trauma 12, 1–7. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Fang X, Jiang L, Wang Y, Zhao L (2012) Treatment of Gustilo grade III tibial fractures with unreamed intramedullary nailing versus external fixator: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Monit 18, RA49–RA56. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Zhang F, Zhu Y, Li W, Chen W, Tian Y, Zhang Y (2016) Unreamed intramedullary nailing is a better alternative than external fixator for Gustilo IIIB tibial fractures based on a meta-analysis. Scand J Surg 105, 117–124. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Gopal S, Majumder S, Batchelor AG, Knight SL, De Boer P, Smith RM (2000) Fix and flap: the radical orthopaedic and plastic treatment of severe open fractures of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Br 82, 959–966. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Gopal S, Giannoudis PV, Murray A, Matthews SJ, Smith RM (2004) The functional outcome of severe, open tibial fractures managed with early fixation and flap coverage. J Bone Joint Surg Br 86, 861–867. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Yokoyama K, Uchino M, Nakamura K, Ohtsuka H, Suzuki T, Boku T, et al. (2006) Risk factors for deep infection in secondary intramedullary nailing after external fixation for open tibial fractures. Injury 37, 554–560. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Thomas SR, Giele H, Simpson AH (2000) Advantages and disadvantages of pinless external fixation. Injury 31, 805–809. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  23. Winkler H, Hochstein P, Wentzensen A (1994) Experience with the pinless fixator in the treatment of fractures of the lower leg. Injury 25, SC8–SC14. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  24. Bhandari M, Guyatt GH, Swiontkowski MF, Schemitsh EH (2001) Treatment of open fractures of the shaft of the tibia. J Bone Joint Surg Br 83, 62–68. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. Bone LB, Kassman S, Stegemann P, France J (1994) Prospective study of union rate of open tibial fractures treated with locked, unreamed intramedullary nails. J Orthop Trauma 8, 45–49. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Papakostidis C, Kanakaris NK, Pretel J, Faour O, Morell DJ, Giannoudis PV (2011) Prevalence of complications of open tibial shaft fractures stratified as per the Gustilo-Anderson classification. Injury 42, 1408–1415. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.