Open Access
Volume 8, 2022
Article Number 5
Number of page(s) 7
Section Lower Limb
Published online 04 March 2022
  1. Muhm M, Amann M, Hofmann A, Ruffing T (2018) Changes in the patient population with proximal femur fractures over the last decade: Incidence, age, comorbidities, and length of stay. Der Unfallchirurg 121, 649–656. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Jakoet MS, Burger M, van Heukelum M, et al. (2020) The epidemiology and orthopaedic burden of civilian gunshot injuries over a four-year period at a level one trauma unit in Cape Town, South Africa. Int Orthop 44(10), 1897–1904. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Buford WL, Turnbow BJ, Gugala Z, Lindsey RW (2014) Three-dimensional computed tomography-based modeling of sagittal cadaveric femoral bowing and implications for intramedullary nailing. J Orthop Trauma 28, 10–16. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. Bojan AJ, Beimel C, Taglang G, et al. (2013) Critical factors in cut-out complication after gamma nail treatment of proximal femoral fractures. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 14, 1–9. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Smith and Nephew Trigen Intertan Technique utilizing the Gold Instrument Set. In: Smith and Nephew Surgical Technique. Accessed 14 Jun 2021. [Google Scholar]
  6. Stryker Gamma3 Hip Fracture Nailing System Operative Technique. In: Stryker Operative Technique. Accessed 14 Jun 2021. [Google Scholar]
  7. Berryman F, Pynsent P, Mcbryde C (2014) A semi-automated method for measuring femoral shape to derive version and its comparison with existing methods. Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng 30, 1314–1325. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. Abdelaal AHK, Yamamoto N, Hayashi K, et al. (2016) Radiological assessment of the femoral bowing in Japanese population. SICOTJ 2, 2. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  9. Tang WM, Chiu KY, Kwan MFY, et al. (2005) Sagittal bowing of the distal femur in Chinese patients who require total knee arthroplasty. J Orthop Res 23, 41–45. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Sarai H, Schmutz B, Schuetz M (2021) Effects of ethnicity on proximal femoral intramedullary nail protrusion – a 3D computer graphical analysis. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 141, 845–853. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Stratovan Corporation (2020) Stratovan Checkpoint. [Google Scholar]
  12. Byun SE, Cho YH, Lee YK, et al. (2021) Straight nail insertion through a laterally shifted entry for diaphyseal atypical femoral fractures with bowing: good indications and limitations of this technique. Int Orthop 45, 3223–3232. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  13. Park JH, Lee Y, Shon OJ, et al. (2016) Surgical tips of intramedullary nailing in severely bowed femurs in atypical femur fractures: Simulation with 3D printed model. Injury 47, 1318–1324. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  14. Olesen TH, Torfing T, Overgaard S (2013) MPR realignment increases accuracy when measuring femoral neck anteversion angle. Skelet Radiol 42, 1119–1125. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Jarrett DY, Oliveira AM, Zou KH, et al. (2010) Axial oblique CT to assess femoral anteversion. Am J Roentgenol 194, 1230–1233. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  16. Hermann KL, Egund N (1997) CT measurement of anteversion in the femoral neck. The influence of femur positioning. Acta Radiol 38, 527–532. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Scorcelletti M, Reeves ND, Rittweger J, Ireland A (2020) Femoral anteversion: significance and measurement. J Anatomy 235, 811–826. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Kingsley PC, Olmsted KL (1948) A study to determine the angle of anteversion of the neck of the femur. J Bone Jt Surg 30A, 745–751. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Hoiseth A, Fonstelien T (1989) Basic concepts of femoral neck anteversion: comparison of two definitions. Br J Radiol 62, 114–116. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Labronici PJ, Galeno L, Teixeira TM, et al. (2009) Entry point for the antegrade femoral intramedullary nail: a Cadaver study. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia (English Edition) 44 487–490. [Google Scholar]
  21. Biomet Zimmer Natural Nail System Surgical Technique. Accessed 14 Jun 2021. [Google Scholar]
  22. Synthes PFNA Surgical technique. International/Product Support Material/legacy_Synthes_PDF/DSEM-TRM-0714-0132-7_LR.pdf. Accessed 14 Jun 2021. [Google Scholar]
  23. Zhao JX, Su XY, Zhao Z, et al. (2015) Predicting the optimal entry point for femoral antegrade nailing using a new measurement approach. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 10, 1557–1565. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Milligan DJ, O’Brien S, Bennett D, et al. (2013) The effects of age and gender on the diameter of the femoral canal in patients who undergo total hip replacement. Bone Jt J, 95-B, 339–342. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. Fischer CS, Kühn JP, Völzke H, et al. (2020) The neck–shaft angle: an update on reference values and associated factors. Acta Orthop 91, 53–57. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Boese CK, Jostmeier J, Oppermann J, et al. (2016) The neck shaft angle: CT reference values of 800 adult hips. Skelet Radiol 45, 455–463. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. Lee YS, Oh SH, Seon JK, et al. (2006) 3D femoral neck anteversion measurements based on the posterior femoral plane in ORTHODOC® system. Med Biol Eng Comput 44, 895–906. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  28. Koerner JD, Patel NM, Yoon RS, et al. (2013) Femoral version of the general population: Does “Normal” Vary by Gender or Ethnicity? J Orthop Trauma 27(6), 308–311. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  29. Schmitt A, Letissier H, Poltaretskyi S, et al. (2019) Three-dimensional orientation of the femoral curvature. How well does it match with the sagittal curvature of femoral implants? Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 105, 11–16. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  30. Schmutz B, Amarathunga J, Kmiec S, et al. (2016) Quantification of cephalomedullary nail fit in the femur using 3D computer modelling: A comparison between 1.0 and 1.5 m bow designs. J Orthop Surg Res 11, 1–7. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Gilligan I, Chandraphak S, Mahakkanukrauh P (2013) Femoral neck-shaft angle in humans: Variation relating to climate, clothing, lifestyle, sex, age and side. J Anatomy 223, 133–151. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Thiesen DM, Prange F, Berger-Groch J, et al. (2018) Femoral antecurvation – A 3D CT Analysis of 1232 adult femurs. PLoS One 13, e0204961. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Maratt J, Schilling PL, Holcombe S, et al. (2014) Variation in the femoral bow: a novel high-throughput analysis of 3922 femurs on cross-sectional imaging. J Orthop Trauma 28(1), 6–9. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Reikeras O, Høiseth A, Regstad A, Fönstelien E (1982) Femoral neck angles: A specimen study with special regard to bilateral differences. Acta Orthop 53, 775–779. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.