Volume 2, 2016
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||25 March 2016|
Patellar instability in Indian population: relevance of tibial tuberosity and trochlear groove distance
Hiranandani Orthopaedic Medical Education (HOME), Dr L. H. Hiranandani Hospital, Hillside Avenue, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 26 January 2016
Introduction: The tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove (TTTG) distance in the western population is extensively studied through various modalities such as X-rays, computerised tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, to our knowledge there is very little or no literature support to indicate that TTTG distance has been studied in the Indian population.
Methods: We therefore undertook a study to measure the TTTG distance in 100 MRI scans of normal Indian knees. Patients with the following co-morbidities were excluded from the study; ligamentous laxity, patellofemoral instability, mal-alignment and osteoarthritis. We measured TTTG distance on the axial MRI slices using OsiriX software.
Results: The mean value for females was found to be 14.07 mm and that for male was found to be 13.34 mm. Our study indicates that the TTTG distance, using MRI scans as measurement modality, in the Indian population is significantly different when compared to the published western data.
Discussion: We believe that this study can form the basis for future studies on the relationship between TTTG distance and patellar instability in Indian population.
Key words: TTTG distance / Patellar instability / Patellar dislocation
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.