Volume 4, 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||30 July 2018|
Periprosthetic stress fracture around a well-fixed type 2B short uncemented stem
Hip Surgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics “Carlos E. Ottolenghi”, Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 21 May 2018
Despite the theoretical advantages of uncemented short stems, postoperative thigh pain is still matter of concern and can be attributed to different causes. We report a peculiar case of a stress fracture around a short cementless stem with cervico-metaphyseal fixation in an otherwise healthy patient. We implanted a MiniHipTM stem in a 43 year-old male professional golf player for the treatment of primary osteoarthritis using a ceramic on ceramic bearing. Against medical advice, the patient started to play soccer at the 4th postoperative month and was completely asymptomatic to that extent; but at 8 months follow-up and without a history of trauma he started complaining about progressive hip pain. After ruling out infection and loosening, histological analysis from a bone biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of stress fracture. Although revision surgery was initially scheduled, pain started to decrease gradually with protected weight-bearing (crutches) and disappeared around the first postoperative year, remaining the patient asymptomatic at 2 and half years of follow-up, with radiographs depicting a healed fracture with a hypertrophic callus. We encourage surgeons to be aware of the existence of periprosthetic stress fractures as a source of thigh pain (sometimes intractable), and despite being infrequent, they should always be contemplated, providing that these cases can be managed conservatively with rest and limited weight-bearing. After this uncommon case, we suggest to align the stem in order to equally distribute loads onto the medial calcar and the lateral femoral cortical.
Key words: Total hip arthroplasty / Short stem / Thigh pain / Stress fracture / Periprosthetic fracture
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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