Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||19 October 2021|
Predictive factors affecting long-term survivorship of ASR metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty
Chief of Surgery and Director Professional Services, P.D Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Centre, 400016 Mumbai, India
2 Junior Consultant, Department of Orthopedics, P.D Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Centre, 400016 Mumbai, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 July 2021
Introduction: We present the outcome of 154 ASR (Articular Surface Replacement) hips performed at the P.D Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Centre in terms of revision rate, metal ion levels, and factors affecting survivorship. Further, determined the importance of serial metal ion estimation over single value with poorly functioning arthroplasties. Methods: A retrospective study of 154 ASR arthroplasties (136 patients) performed from April 2005 till March 2010 was conducted. Ninety-seven patients were available for final analysis. All patients were assessed for symptoms, radiographs, blood metal (chromium and cobalt), metal artefact reduction sequence (MARS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computerized tomography (CT). Results: Female gender, smaller femoral head, patients with a rising level of metal ion levels were more likely to have revision surgery. However, abnormal acetabular inclination/anteversion was not associated with the occurrence of raised metal ion levels, ARMD (adverse reaction to metal debris) or revision surgery. Patients with raised metal ion levels were more likely to have periprosthetic lucency, ARMD, and revision surgery. Median metal levels increased initially for the first three years. Still, patients who required revision surgery continued to have a metal ion rise until the point when revision surgery was performed. In contrast, patients who had a fall in metal ion levels did not require revision. Conclusion: A single metal ion value is less predictive of failing arthroplasties; instead, a rising trend of metal ion levels can better delineate arthroplasties which will require revision. ASR hips whose blood ion levels fell after an initial rise and showed a declining trend did well.
Key words: Articular surface replacement / Total hip arthroplasty / Revision / Adverse reaction to metal debris / Acetabular inclination
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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