Volume 7, 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Femoral head penetration in Vitamin-E polyethylene liner versus conventional liners in total hip arthroplasty: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork T12DFK4, Ireland
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura 32216, Egypt
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 11 August 2021
Background: Debate encompasses the use of Vitamin E Polyethylene or conventional Polyethylene liner in primary hip arthroplasty. Does the Inclusion of Vitamin E in PE give adequate protection from oxidation and maintains lower rates of wear? Patients and methods: We performed this study following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Statement (PRISMA) and the Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews and meta-analysis. Studies were included from any region, written in any language. We had only the randomised control trials comparing the femoral head penetration between Vitamin-E diffused highly cross-linked polyethylene (VEPE) liner and conventional liners in primary total hip arthroplasty. Results: We included 10 studies in this meta-analysis. We conducted them using Review Manager V.5.0. We computed the risk ratio to measure the treatment effect, considering the heterogeneity. We used Random-effect models. VEPE had insignificant marginal advantages for FHP within three months post-operative. Additionally, VEPE showed significantly less FHP after two and five years. After one year, it showed significantly less FHP with the VEPE group versus the UHMWPE cohort and a non-significant difference between the VEPE and XLPE group. Conclusions: In terms of FHP, this metanalysis shows less FHP for the VEPE than conventional PE. A longer follow-up period is required to evaluate whether the oxidation protection gained by Vitamin E results in lower wear rates, less osteolysis, and aseptic loosening compared to the conventional PE in the long term.
Key words: Primary hip replacement / Vitamin-E / Polyethylene / Radio stereometry / Head penetration / Meta-analysis
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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