Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||14 June 2022|
Acetabular cartilage abnormalities in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, 3-1-10, Takanodai, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 177-8521, Japan
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San-ikukai Hospital, 3-20-2 Taihei, Sumida-ku, Tokyo 130-0012, Japan
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 13 May 2022
Introduction: Both hemiarthroplasty (HA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are widely accepted surgical procedures for hip replacement following displaced femoral neck fractures. However, in cases involving an intact joint line before surgery, the choice between HA and THA remains debatable. This study investigated the prevalence of acetabular cartilage and labral abnormalities in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures. Methods: Thirty-seven patients underwent hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures between April 2020 and February 2021. After excluding 4 patients, 33 patients (6 men and 27 women; mean age = 82.2 [range = 67–98] years) with fractures in 12 left and 21 right hips were included. After femoral head removal during arthroplasty, the acetabulum was macroscopically examined for the presence of cartilage and labral lesions. Acetabular cartilage abnormalities were classified as either overall degeneration or partial damage according to the cartilage damage classification system. Results: Acetabular cartilage abnormalities, including overall degeneration or partial damage, were found in all hips (100%). Out of the 33 hips, overall degeneration, partial damage, and labral abnormalities were detected in 32 (96.9%), 16 (48.4%), and 9 (27.2%) hips, respectively. Discussion: In this study, most elderly patients with femoral neck fractures exhibited acetabular cartilage and labral abnormalities, which were already present at the time of surgery. Therefore, surgeons should carefully examine these abnormalities as they may impact postoperative outcomes such as pain and function.
Key words: Femoral neck fracture / Acetabulum / Cartilage / Abnormalities / Hemiarthroplasty / Total hip arthroplasty
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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