Volume 9, 2023
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||05 May 2023|
Accuracy of acetabular component alignment with surgical guidance systems during hip arthroplasty
University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
2 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, New South Wales, Australia
3 Tom Reeve Academic Clinic, Ground Floor Kolling Building, 10 Westbourne Street, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 12 April 2023
Background: Navigation in total hip arthroplasty has been shown to improve acetabular positioning and can decrease the incidence of mal-positioned acetabular components. This study aimed to assess two surgical guidance systems by comparing intra-operative measurements of acetabular component inclination and anteversion with a post-operative CT scan. Methods: We prospectively collected intra-operative navigation data from 102 hips receiving conventional THA or hip resurfacing arthroplasty through either a direct anterior or posterior approach. Two guidance systems were used simultaneously: an inertial navigation system (INS) and an optical navigation system (ONS). Acetabular component anteversion and inclination were measured on a post-operative CT. Results: The average age of the patients was 64 years (range: 24–92) and the average BMI was 27 kg/m2 (range 19–38). 52% had hip surgery through an anterior approach. 98% of the INS measurements and 88% of the ONS measurements were within 10° of the CT measurements. The mean (and standard deviation) of the absolute difference between the postoperative CT and the intra-operative measurements for inclination and anteversion were 3.0° (2.8) and 4.5° (3.2) respectively for the ONS, along with 2.1° (2.3) and 2.4° (2.1) respectively for the INS. There was a significantly lower mean absolute difference to CT for the INS when compared to ONS in both anteversions (p < 0.001) and inclination (p = 0.02). Conclusions: We found that both inertial and optical navigation systems allowed for adequate acetabular positioning as measured on postoperative CT, and thus provide reliable intraoperative feedback for optimal acetabular component placement.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II.
Key words: Navigation / Hip arthroplasty / Optical navigation / Inertial navigation / Acetabular positioning
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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