Issue
SICOT-J
Volume 6, 2020
Special Issue: "HIP and KNEE Replacement" Guest Editors: C Batailler, S Lustig, J Caton
Article Number E1
Number of page(s) 2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020043
Published online 15 December 2020

The knowledge of new technologies and current concepts are primordial in orthopaedic surgery. That is necessary to progress and improve our current practice continuously. This special issue of SICOT-J about hip and knee arthroplasty consists of 12 original articles on orthopaedic advances or controversial subjects, such as robotic-assisted surgeries, alignment of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), cementless tibial implants, polyethylene or ceramic in total hip arthroplasty, return to sport and arthroplasty…

Kouyoumdjian et al. reported the current concepts in robotic-assisted total hip arthroplasty. The advantages and the impact of robotic-assisted surgery in knee arthroplasty has been often described in recent literature. Nevertheless, the impact of robotic-assisted system for hip arthroplasty is less known. This paper brings a clear state of knowledge about this new technology [1].

The materials used in total hip arthroplasty remain a relevant issue. In a comparative study on highly cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), Carli et al. showed that annual linear wear rates were significantly higher with UHMWPE (0.21 mm/year) compared to XLPE (0.05 mm/year) in a simple mobility in total hip arthroplasty [2]. XLPE coupled with oxidized zirconium femoral heads had minimal wear and no osteolysis at 10-year follow-up. In a relevant update, Langlois and Hamadouche reported the major and recent knowledges on crosslinked polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty [3]. While Bauwens et al. reported the earlier results of ceramic-on-ceramic bearing in total hip arthroplasty by direct anterior approach [4]. Neri et al., described with a pragmatic way the tips and tricks of the dual mobility in total hip arthroplasty [5]. This article brings interesting and relevant advices and concepts to improve the right use of dual mobility.

The surgical approach in total hip arthroplasty can also evolve, but this evolution can become difficult according to the complexity of surgical techniques. Foissey et al. have described the learning curve of the anterior approach in total hip arthroplasty according to the surgeon experience [6].

Five published articles reported interesting results about knee arthroplasty. Pacoret et al. described the survival rate of the tibial component in cementless TKA at a mean follow-up of 8 years, with a minimal follow-up of 5 years [7]. Indeed, it is now accepted that cementless implantation of the femoral component provides equivalent results to cemented one, however, the optimal fixation method of the tibial component remains controversial. This comparative study reports a very satisfying survival rate in both groups cemented and cementless TKA.

In addition to implants fixation, two articles introduce the impact of alignment in TKA. In a systematic review, Sappey-Marinier et al. assessed five prospective randomized controlled trials comparing clinical and radiological outcomes, and complications in TKA with kinematic alignment and mechanical alignment [8]. Kinematic alignment in TKA achieved clinical and radiological results similar to those of mechanical alignment. The complication rate was not increased. Assi et al. were warning that the intra-medullary guide can yield sub-optimal corrections, particularly for severe tibial varus in TKA [9].

The osteotomies around the knee can impact the surgical strategy of TKA and their outcomes. In a relevant systematic review, Luceri et al. reported the results of five useful studies on TKA after distal femoral osteotomy [10]. They concluded on the complexity of this surgery and the need of specific technical tips and tricks to obtain an accurate knee balancing. But future prospective studies and comparative trials are yet necessary to address the impact of distal femoral osteotomy in knee replacement surgery.

In the last study, Plassard et al. described the return to sport after TKA and assessed its predictive factors in a large cohort of TKA [11]. Preoperative condition and activity are the two most significant predictive factors for return to sport.

The current concepts and innovations can also settle in the treatment of prosthetic-joint infection. In a didactic article, Ferry et al. described the medical innovations to maintain the function in patients with chronic prosthetic-joint infection for whom explantation is not desirable: phage therapy and phage lysins [12].

There is no doubt that these technologies and current concepts are here to stay and as they improve, they will change the operating theatre of the future and the outcomes for our patients. We hope that you will enjoy reading this special issue of SICOT-J about hip and knee arthroplasty.

Good reading.

References

  1. Kouyoumdjian P, Mansour J, Assi C, Caton J, Lustig S, Coulomb R (2020) Current concepts in robotic Total Hip Arthroplasty. SICOT J. 6. [Google Scholar]
  2. Carli AV, Patel AR, Cross MB, et al. (2020) Long-term performance of oxidized zirconium on conventional and highly cross-linked polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty. SICOT J. 610. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020010. [Google Scholar]
  3. Langlois J, Hamadouche M (2020) Recent update on crosslinked polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty. SICOT J. 613. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020013. [Google Scholar]
  4. Henri Bauwens P, Fary C, Servien E, Lustig S, Batailler C (2020) Early low complication rate of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty by direct anterior approach. SICOT J. 630. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020027. [Google Scholar]
  5. Neri T, Boyer B, Batailler C, et al. (2020) Dual mobility cups for total hip arthroplasty: tips and tricks. SICOT J. 617. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020018. [Google Scholar]
  6. Foissey C, Fauvernier M, Fary C, Servien E, Lustig S, Batailler C (2020) Total hip arthroplasty performed by direct anterior approach – Does experience influence the learning curve? SICOT J. 615. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020015. [Google Scholar]
  7. Pacoret V, Kalk E, Labattut L, Girardot G, Baulot E, Martz P (2020) Survival rate of cemented versus cementless tibial component in primary total knee arthroplasty over 5 years of follow-up: Comparative study of 109 prostheses. SICOT J. 636. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020028. [Google Scholar]
  8. Sappey-Marinier E, Pauvert A, Batailler C, et al. (2020) Kinematic versus mechanical alignment for primary total knee arthroplasty with minimum 2 years follow-up: a systematic review. SICOT J. 618. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020014. [Google Scholar]
  9. Assi C, Mansour J, Samaha C, Kouyoumdjian P, Yammine K (2020) Angular limit for coronal joint deformity correction using intramedullary guidance in total knee arthroplasty. A pilot study. SICOT J. 622. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020019. [Google Scholar]
  10. Luceri F, Tamini J, Ferrua P, et al. (2020) Total knee arthroplasty after distal femoral osteotomy: a systematic review and current concepts. SICOT J. 635. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020033. [Google Scholar]
  11. Plassard J, Masson JB, Malatray M, et al. (2020) Factors lead to return to sports and recreational activity after total knee replacement – A retrospective study. SICOT J. 611. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020009. [Google Scholar]
  12. Ferry T, Batailler C, Brosset S, et al. (2020) Medical innovations to maintain the function in patients with chronic PJI for whom explantation is not desirable: a pathophysiology-, multidisciplinary-, and experience-based approach. SICOT J. 626. https://doi.org/10.1051/sicotj/2020021. [Google Scholar]

Cite this article as: Batailler C, Caton J & Lustig S (2020) Global perspective of Innovation in Hip and Knee Replacement in 2020. SICOT-J 6, E1


© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020

Licence Creative Commons
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.