Volume 8, 2022
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||15 August 2022|
Periacetabular osteotomy: A novel application of modified Stoppa approach
Division of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Limb Reconstruction, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Abbasia 11517, Cairo, Egypt
2 Division of Hip Reconstruction, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Abbasia 11517, Cairo, Egypt
3 Division of Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Abbasia 11517, Cairo, Egypt
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 27 June 2022
Background: The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a well-established procedure for symptomatic hip dysplasia in adolescents and young adults. However, it remains a technically demanding procedure, and several major complications have been described, many of which are related to the approach and surgical exposure. The current study evaluates the efficacy and safety of PAO performed through a modified Stoppa approach. Methods: A prospective series of nine consecutive patients with hip dysplasia were treated PAO through the modified Stoppa approach. The mean age was 22.4 years (15–30 years) and the mean follow-up was 3.2 years (2–5 years). Harris hip score (HHS) was used as a functional score, and the radiographic indices included the lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) and Tönnis roof angle. Results: The approach allowed the osteotomy lines to be performed under direct visualization from the intra-pelvic surface of the acetabulum, aided by fluoroscopy. A lateral window was added to perform the final iliac cut and for subsequent mobilization and fixation of the acetabular fragment. The mean HHS improved significantly from 70.8 ± 4.9 points to 90.1 ± 3.3 points (p < 0.001). The mean LCEA improved from 8.2° ± 4.9 (range: 0–14) to 32.7° ± 5.3 (range: 26–40), with a mean improvement of 24.5°. The mean Tönnis angle improved from 28.4° ± 4.4 (range: 22–35) to 3.8° ± 3.3 (range: 0–10). Two patients had irritation from prominent screw heads that necessitated removal 1 year after the index procedure. One patient had radiographic progression of osteoarthritis. No cases of infection, non-union, heterotopic ossification, or nerve palsy were identified till the latest follow-up. Conclusion: Ganz PAO can be safely conducted through the modified Stoppa approach, providing direct exposure to the osteotomized surfaces, and protecting susceptible neuro-vascular structures.
Level of evidence: IV.
Key words: Hip dysplasia / Ganz osteotomy / Periacetabular osteotomy / Anterior intrapelvic approach / Modified Stoppa approach
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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